PHEB508 Публичност


The starting point is the conception of public sphere, developed by the German philosopher J. Habermas 50 year ago. The course presents emergence, development, major forms and current state of modern public sphere. The forms of the modern public sphere are discussed in context of general concepts like reason, critique, democracy, civil society, liberty, freedom of speech, censorship etc. The course examines the social, political and cultural pre-conditions, enabling emergence form and structures of modern public sphere. The conclusive part of the course focuses on the transformations in the public sphere with regard of globalization, pluralization and medialization of the life.

прочети още
Философия (на английски език)


проф. Христо Тодоров  д-р

Описание на курса:


Successful graduates of the course students:

1) know:

• What is public sphere?

• The main characteristics of modernity.

• The major forms of modern public sphere and how they developed in recent times.

2) can:

• Make the difference between forms and tools of public sphere.

• Understand the functions of different forms of public sphere.

• Evaluate critically the current state of the public sphere.

Предварителни изисквания:
Students have knowledge and /or skills: basic knowledge in political philosophy.

Форми на провеждане:

Учебни форми:

Език, на който се води курса:

Теми, които се разглеждат в курса:

  1. What is public sphere? Public sphere and media.
  2. Habermas on modernity and public sphere.
  3. Characteristics of modernity.
  4. Public language.
  5. Public debates on literature in 18 century. The concept of taste.
  6. Public debates on politics in 18 century. Newspapers and journals.
  7. Democracy, freedom of expression, censorship.
  8. Written assignment
  9. What is critique?
  10. The concept of civil society. Civil society and public sphere.
  11. Public opinion.
  12. Science, technology and public sphere.
  13. Globalization and public sphere.
  14. Global media.
  15. Social media.

Литература по темите:

Arendt, H.: The Human Condition, The University of Chicago Press; 2nd edition 1998.

Arendt, H.: Between Past and Future, Penguin Classics 2006.

Habermas, J.: The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society. The MIT Press 1991.

Lippmann, W.: Public Opinion, Dover Publications Inc. Mineola N.Y. 2004.

Nagel, T.: Personal Rights and Public Space, in: Philosophy and Public Affairs, Vol. 24, No. 2 (1995).

Nagel, T.: “Concealment and Exposure”, Philosophy & Public Affairs, 27(1): 3–30 (1998).

O’Neill, O.: “The Public Use of Reason”, in her Constructions of Reason. Explorations on Kant’s Practical Philosophy, Cambridge 1989: Cambridge University Press, 28–50.

Rawls, J.: Political Liberalism, paperback edition, New York 1996: Columbia University Press.

Raz, J.: The Morality of Freedom, Oxford 1986: Clarendon Press.

Scanlon, T.: A Theory of Freedom of Expression, in: Philosophy and Public Affairs, Vol. 1, No. 2 (1972).

Sennett, R.: The Fall of Public Man, Knopf 1977.

Taylor, C.: Sources of the Self , Cambridge 1989, MA: Harvard University Press.

Tocqueville, Alexis de: “On Bribery at Elections”, in his Journeys to England and Ireland, J.P. Mayer (ed.), London 1988: Faber and Faber, 210–232.

Walzer, M.: “A Critique of Philosophical Conversation”, Philosophical Forum, 21: 182–196 (1989/90).