COGM111 Конструктивна памет


The course aims to provide an overview of the main theories, research paradigms, and computational models of constructive memory. It will focus on the key mechanisms of memory reconstruction such as associative reconstruction, schema-based reconstruction, blending, and reconsolidation. The neural mechanisms underpinning memory reconstruction and the differences between true and false memories will be also discussed.

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Когнитивна наука (на английски език)


доц. Пенка Христова  д-р

Описание на курса:


Students who complete this course:

1) will know:

• To know the main theories and research questions in the field of constructive memory;

• To know the basic empirical paradigms in constructive memory.

2) will be able to:

• To discuss and critically think about the existing theoretical account of constructive memory;

• To formulate well-grounded constructive memory research questions.

Предварителни изисквания:
Students are required to have the following knowledge and/or skills:

• Knowledge in research methods, cognitive psychology, and statistics

Форми на провеждане:

Учебни форми:

Език, на който се води курса:

Теми, които се разглеждат в курса:

  1. Basic metaphors and debates in memory literature.
  2. Associative reconstruction. Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) Effect. Explanations of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) effect.
  3. Associative reconstruction. Relational Luring Effect.
  4. Schema-based reconstruction.
  5. Blending between structurally similar episodes.
  6. The misinformation paradigm. Explanations of the misinformation effect.
  7. Reconsolidation.
  8. Adaptive constructive processes
  9. How do emotions affect past reconstruction? Flashbulb memories
  10. How do emotions affect past reconstruction? Mood.
  11. Event cognition.
  12. Individual differences in reconstruction.
  13. Confabulation.
  14. Presentation of experimental designs
  15. Presentation of experimental designs

Литература по темите:

• Barrett, L. F., Wilson-Mendenhall, C. D., & Barsalou, L. W. (2015). The conceptual act theory: a road map. Chapter in L. F. Barrett and J. A. Russell (Eds.), The psychological construction of emotion. New York: Guilford, pp. 83-110.

• Elsey, J. W., Van Ast, V. A., & Kindt, M. (2018). Human memory reconsolidation: A guiding framework and critical review of the evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 144(8), 797.

• Hintzman, D.L. (2011). Research strategy in the study of memory: Fads, fallacies, and the search for the "coordinates of truth." Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6, 253-271.

• Hupbach, A., Gomez, R., Hardt, O., & Nadel, L. (2007). Reconsolidation of episodic memories: A subtle reminder triggers integration of new information. Learning & Memory, 14(1-2), 47-53.

• McClelland, J. (1995). Constructive memory and memory distortions: A parallel distributed processing approach. In D. Schacter (Ed.), Memory distortions: How minds, brains, and societies reconstruct the past. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

• Nader, K., Schafe, G. E., & Le Doux, J. E. (2000). Fear memories require protein synthesis in the amygdala for reconsolidation after retrieval. Nature, 406(6797), 722.

• Okado Y, Stark CEL. (2005). Neural activity during encoding predicts false memories created by misinformation. Learn Mem 12: 3–11

• Popov, V., Hristova, P., & Anders, R. (2017). The Relational Luring Effect: Retrieval of relational information during associative recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 146(5), 722-745.

• Phelps, E. A., & Hofmann, S. G. (2019). Memory editing from science fiction to clinical practice. Nature, 572(7767), 43-50.

• Roediger, H. L., & Gallo, D. A. (2016). Associative memory illusions. In R. F. Pohl (Ed.), Cognitive illusions: A handbook on fallacies and biases in thinking, judgment and memory, 2e. (pp. 390-405). London: Routledge

• Roediger, H. III, & McDermott, K. (1995). Creating False Memories: Remembering words not presented in lists. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 21, 803-814.

• Robins, S. K. (2019). Confabulation and constructive memory. Synthese, 196(6), 2135-2151.

• Stark, C.E.L., Okado, Y., & Loftus, E.F. (2010) Imaging the reconstruction of true and false memories. Learning and Memory, 17, 485-488.

• Schacter, D. L. (2019). Implicit memory, constructive memory, and imagining the future: A career perspective. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 14(2), 256-272.

• Tuckey, M.R., & Brewer, N. (2003). The influence of schemas, stimulus ambiguity, and interview schedule on eyewitness memory over time. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 9, 101-118.

• Zhu, Bi, Chuansheng Chen, Xuhao Shao, Wenzhi Liu, Zhifang Ye, Liping Zhuang, Li Zheng, Elizabeth F. Loftus, and Gui Xue. "Multiple interactive memory representations underlie the induction of false memory." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116, no. 9 (2019): 3466-3475.

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