HSEM103 Power and Society: the Ottoman Model


• The course aims at presenting the most important characteristics and the specificities of the Ottoman pattern of interrelations between society and power with a special focus on its manifestations in the Balkan provinces of the Empire. It will therefore give a wide overview of the social structure and of social life in Ottoman Rumelia (South-Eastern Europe) and examine the concrete functioning of the main Ottoman institutions in the region from the late 14th to the early 20th century.

• The course will follow the evolution of the Ottoman ruling model and institutions through the centuries in close connection also with the changes in the Ottoman-European relations in the economic, political, diplomatic and cultural fields.

• The problems of continuity and discontinuity in power – society relations and of the Ottoman legacy in South-Eastern Europe in this field in its contemporary dimensions will be also discussed.

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South-East European Studies


Assoc. Prof. Svetla Yaneva

Course Description:


• The students are acquainted with the most relevant literature and research in the field, with the different approaches to the concrete topics discussed in the course and with the current historiographical debates on the character and on the functioning of the Ottoman institutions and society in the 15th – 19th centuries, with a special focus on the Balkans.

• The students improve their abilities of analysis and interpretation of primary and secondary sources as well as their individual written and oral performances. The course contributes also to the further building of their skills of team work and of discussion.
• English language proficiency

• Background in Humanities or related field

Full-time Programmes

Types of Courses:

Language of teaching:



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Anastasopoulos, A. (ed.) Provincial Elites in the Ottoman Empire. Rethymno, 2005.

Boyar, E. and K. Fleet A social history of Ottoman Istanbul. Cambridge, CUP, 2010.

Braudel, F. The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996.

Brummet, P. Envisioning Ottoman wealth: narrating and mapping Ottoman “treasure” in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. – Oriens, 37, 2009, 107-122.

Darling, L. Revenue-raising and Legitimacy. Tax Collection and Finance Administration in the Ottoman Empire 1560–1660. Leiden-New York-Koln, 1996.

Davidova, E. Balkan transition to modernity and nation-states. Trough the eyes of three generation of merchants (1780s–1890s) (Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2013)

Eldem, E. and S.Petmezas (eds.) The economic development of Southeastern Europe in the 19th century. Athens, Apha Bank Historical Archives, 2011.

Ergin, N., Ch. Newmann, A. Singer (eds.) Feeding people, feeding power. Imarets in the Ottoman Empire. Istanbul, 2007.

Faroqhi, S. (ed.), The Cambridge History of Turkey. Volume 3: The Later Ottoman Empire, 1603–1839. Cambridge, 2006.

Faroqhi, S. The Ottoman Empire and the world around it, 1540s to 1774. London, 2004.

Findley, C. V. Bureaucratic Reform in the Ottoman Empire: the Sublime Porte, 1789–1922. Princeton, 1980.

Fleet, K. (ed.) The Cambridge History of Turkey. Volume 1: Byzantium to Turkey, 1071 – 1453. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Frangakis-Syrett, E. Mаrket networks and Ottoman-European commerce, c. 1700-1825. – Oriente Moderno, anno XXV (LXXXVI), 2006, 109-128.

Geber, H. “The Waqf institution in early Ottoman Empire”, in Studies in Islamic society. Contributions in memory of Gabriel Baer. Gabriel Warburg and Gad Gilbar (eds.) (Haifa: Haifa University Press, 1984), 29-45.

Goffman, D. Ottoman Millets in the Early Seventeenth Century. – New Perspectives on Turkey, 1994, II, 133-158.

Hayashi Kayoko and Mahir Ayd?n (eds.) The Ottoman State and Societies in Change: A Study of the Nineteenth Century Temettuat Registers. Kegan Paul: London, New York, Bahrein. 2004

Ianeva, Svetla. The non-Muslim tax-farmers in the fiscal and economic system of the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century. – In: Jorgen S. Nielsen (ed.) Religion, ethnicity and contested nationhood in the former Ottoman space. Leiden–Boston, BRILL, 2012, 47–62.

Ianeva, Svetla. Financing the state? Tax-farming as a source of individual wealth in the nineteenth century. – Oriens, 37 (2009), 209–224.

Ihsanoglu, Ekmeleddin, “Ottoman educational institutions”, in Ottoman civilization, V. I., Halil Inalc?k, Gunsel Renda (eds.) (Ankara: Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture, 2004), pp. 345-85.

Inalc?k, H. Military and fiscal transformations in the Ottoman Empire (1600–1700). – Archivum Ottomanicum 6 (1980).

Inalc?k, H., D. Quataert. (eds) An economic and social history of the Ottoman Empire 1300–1914. Cambridge, 1994.

Inalc?k, H. Studies in ottoman social and economic history. London, 1985.

Islamoglu-Inan, H.(ed) The Ottoman empire and the world-economy. Cambridge, 1987.

Kafadar, C. Between two worlds. The construction of the Ottoman state. University of California Press, 1995.

Kasaba, R. The Ottoman Empire and the world-economy. The nineteenth century. New York, 1988.

Kasaba, R. (ed.) The Cambridge History of Turkey. Volume 4: Turkey in the Modern World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Kunt, I. M. The Sultan’s Servants: The Transformation of Ottoman Provincial Government, 1550–1650. New York, 1983.

Mardin, S. “Power, civil society and culture in the Ottoman Empire” – Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 11, No. 3 (Jun., 1969), pp. 258-281.

McGowan, B. Economic life in the Ottoman Empire. Taxation, trade and struggle for land 1600-1800. Cambridge, 1984.

Moutafchieva, V. Agrarian relations in the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and 16th centuries. East European Monographs, Boulder, distributed by Columbia University Press, New York, 1988.

Moutafchieva, V. L’anarchie dans les Balkans a la fin du XVIIIe siecle. Isis, Istanbul, 2005.

Pamuk, S. The Ottoman Empire and European capitalism 1820-1913. Trade, investment and production. Cambridge, 1987.

Quataert, D. Ottoman manufacturing in the age of the industrial revolution. Cambridge, 1993.

Rizk Khoury, D., State and provincial society in the Ottoman Empire, 1540-1834 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997)

Shaw, Stanford J., History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey. Volume I Empire of the Gazis (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978).

Todorova, M. The Ottoman legacy in the Balkans – In: Brown, l. Carl (ed) Imperial legacy: the Ottoman imprint in the Balkans and the Middle East, New York, Columbia University Press, 1995.

Van den Boogert, M., K. Fleet (eds) The Ottoman capitulations: Text and context. – Oriente Moderno, 3, 2003.

Yediy?ld?z, B. Institution du vaqf au XVIIIe siecle en Turquie. Ankara, 1985.


Essay, test, seminar, discussion. The final grade is based on participation in the seminar and in the discussion, on the presentation of an essay, and on the results of the test.