PHEB806 Ludwig Wittgenstein


The lecture course will present the development of Wittgenstein’s philosophy and the main ideas of his most important works: Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus and Philosophical Investigations. The discussion will be centered around Wittgenstein’s view of the language and reality and how it supports his criticisms of theorizing philosophy.

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Assoc. Prof. Hristo Gyoshev, PhD
Prof. Alexander Kanev, PhD

Course Description:


After completing successfully this course the students will:

1) know:

• Wittgenstein’s revolutionary ideas of linguistic meaning

2) are capable of:

• discerning Wittgenstein’s contributions to contemporary philosophy


Full-time Programmes

Types of Courses:

Language of teaching:


  1. The Linguistic Turn
  2. Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus: Ontology
  3. Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus: Theory of Representation and the Saying /Showing Distinction
  4. Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus:: The Logic of Language
  5. Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus: The Limits of Language and the Mystical
  6. The Road to Wittgenstein’s Later Philosophy
  7. Philosophical Investigations: The Critique of the Augustinian Picture of Language
  8. Philosophical Investigations: Language Games
  9. Philosophical Investigations: The Rule-Following Argument
  10. Philosophical Investigation: The Private Language Argument


Wittgenstein, L. Philosophische Untersuchungen, Philosophical Investigations. Transl. by G. E. M. Anscombe, P. M. S. Hacker and J. Schulte. Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.

Wittgenstein, L. Tractatus Logico-philosophicus. – In: Wittgenstein, L. Werkausgabe Bd 1. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp, 1980.

Hacker, P. M. S. Insight and Illusion - themes in the philosophy of Wittgenstein. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986.

Kripke, S. Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1985