PHEB804 Karl Marx


The course follows the development of Marx’s philosophy from the Early Writings to Capital in the context of contemporary readings of his ideas. The main emphasis is put on Marx’s theory of alienation, theory of capitalism and theory of history.

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Assoc. Prof. Hristo Gyoshev, PhD
Prof. Kolyo Koev, DSc

Course Description:


After completing successfully this course the students will:

1) know: main ideas of Marx’s theory of alienation, theory of capitalism and theory of history

2) are capable of: discussing Marx’s ideas in the context of contemporary social and philosophical thought and contemporary developments


Full-time Programmes

Types of Courses:

Language of teaching:


  1. Why Read and Interpret Marx’s Works Today? Mis-understanding Karl Marx
  2. The Context of Hegelian Philosophy. Marx Among the Young Hegelians. Against Bruno Bauer
  3. Marx’s Anthropology. ‘On the Jewish Question’ and the Problem of Emancipation: Political Emancipation and Human Emancipation
  4. Understanding the Emancipation Today
  5. Why People Fall into Religious Alienation? Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts and the Alienation of Labor: Reconsidering Hegelian Deduction of Categories
  6. Neo-Marxist Discussion on the Alienation of Labor
  7. Transcending Philosophy or the Early Contours of the Historical Materialism. ‘Theses on Feuerbach’
  8. Marx’s Theory of Capitalism. Social Division of Labour and Commodity Production. The Labour Theory of Value: Use Value, Exchange Value and the Production of Surplus Value
  9. Re-reading Marx’s Capital: J. Schumpeter, J. Robinson, P. Sweezy, D. Harvey etc.
  10. Marx’s Theory of History. The Relationship between Economic Structure, Productive Forces and Forms of Consciousness. The Problem of the Social Change
  11. Readings of Marx’s Theory of History: Mannheim’s Theory of Intelligentsia; Althusser (Lire le Capital); R. Mochnic’s Theory of Ideological Interpellation


Marx, Karl. Karl Marx: Selected Writings. 2nd edition, David McLellan (ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Althusser, Louis. For Marx, London: Penguin, 1969.

Althusser, Louis, and Balibar, Etienne. Reading Capital, London: NLB, 1970.

Bottomore, Tom (ed.). Karl Marx, Oxford: Blackwell, 1979.

Elster, John. Making Sense of Marx.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Harvey, David. Limits to Capital. Oxford: Blackwell, 1999

Mannheim, Karl. Ideology and Utopia. Routledge: London, 1936.

Mocnik, Rastko. Identification and Subjectivation. Vestnik IMS, 1988/1.

Robinson, Joan, An Essay on Marxian Economics, London: Macmillan, 1942.

Schumpeter, Joseph. Capitalism, Socialism & Democracy. Routledge: London and New York, 2003.

Sweezy, Paul. The Theory of Capitalist Development. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1970