PSYE306 Мислене, разсъждение и решаване на проблеми


This course is introducing concepts like thinking, reasoning, problem solving, decision-making and presenting various alternative paradigms and theories of thinking and involves students in active learning practices, including critical reading, discussion, on-line experimentation, designing experiments, and group project work.

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Психология (на английски език)


доц. Пенка Христова  д-р

Описание на курса:


1) знаят:

• Basic concepts of the processes in human thinking

• Knowledge of alternative paradigms and theories of human thinking

• Basic knowledge about the brain mechanisms, the development and the evolution of thinking

2) могат:

• Critically read, understand and question the literature on thinking

• Design experiments to test theories of thinking

• Apply the knowledge about thinking in various domains, such as educational practices, court rooms, science labs, clinics, and everyday life.

Предварителни изисквания:
Basic knowledge in brain organization and cognitive processes and methods of experimental psychology.

Форми на провеждане:

Учебни форми:

Език, на който се води курса:

Теми, които се разглеждат в курса:

  1. What is Thinking? Basic concepts
  2. Associationistic and Behaviouristic Approaches to Problem Solving
  3. Classic Approaches to Problem Solving: Behaviourism and Gestalt Psychology
  4. Deductive Reasoning
  5. Inductive Reasoning
  6. Analogy
  7. Individual Differences in Reasoning.
  8. Effects of Aging and Expertise on Reasoning
  9. Group presentation
  10. Dual-Process Models of Thinking
  11. Brain Mechanisms of Thinking
  12. Thinking as Learnable Skill
  13. Thinking in Context: Situatedness, Cultural Influence, and Embodiment
  14. Experimental designs
  15. Experimental designs and Midterm test

Литература по темите:


• Kahneman, D. (2011). Thinking, fast and slow. Macmillan.

• Mayer (1992). Thinking, Problem Solving, Cognition. 2nd edition, NY: W.H. Freeman

• Melnikoff, D.E. and Bargh, J.A. (2018) The mythical number two. Trends Cogn. Sci. 22, 280–293

• Holyoak, K. & Morrison, R. (2005). Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

• Holyoak, K. J., & Morrison, R. G. (Eds.). (2012). The Oxford handbook of thinking and reasoning. Oxford University Press.


• Smith, E. Osherson, D. (1995) Thinking: An Invitation to Cognitive Science, 2nd edition, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press

• Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J. (1994). Thinking and reasoning. Oxford: Blackwell.

• Gilhooly, K. (1988). Thinking: Directed, Undirected, Creative. London: Academic Press

Средства за оценяване:

• Design an experiment to test a theory of thinking

• Participate in a group project applying theories of thinking in a practical domain, such as legal reasoning, scientific reasoning, medical reasoning, intelligence test, education – learning to think, everyday thinking – motivated thinking, etc.

• Multiple-Choice Test