PHEB403 Философия на ума


Philosophy of mind is one of the most fascinating branches in contemporary philosophy. It links philosophy to psychology, cognitive sciences and cybernetics. The course outlines some of the key concepts and theories of mind from Descartes to Searle. What are the main approaches to explaining the nature of the mind? What is the “mind-body problem” and why it is so hard to resolve it? What is consciousness and can a machine think? These are only few of the central questions examined in the course.

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Философия (на английски език)


доц. Ясен Захариев  д-р

Описание на курса:


Successful graduates of the course students:

1) know:

• Main theories in philosophy of mind.

• Contemporary problems related to the concepts of mind, consciousness and identity.

• How to understand and use key philosophical and psychological concepts.

2) can:

• Apply various theories and concepts.

• Analyse different issues in philosophy of mind.

• Contextualize contemporary problems related to mind, thinking and artificial intelligence.

Предварителни изисквания:

Форми на провеждане:

Учебни форми:

Език, на който се води курса:

Теми, които се разглеждат в курса:

  1. Introducing the concept of Mind
  2. The problem of substance – monism and dualism
  3. Descartes and the mind-body problem
  4. Hume on mind and identity.
  5. Natural and mental causation
  6. The free will problem
  7. Functionalism
  8. The reductive explanation of mind
  9. Consciousness and content
  10. Intentionality and meaning
  11. Qualia and consciousness
  12. Self-consciousness
  13. Minds, brains and machines. Weak and strong AI.
  14. Searl’s Chinese Room argument
  15. Mind or minds?

Литература по темите:

Beakley, Brian and Ludlow, Peter (ed.). The philosophy of mind: classical problems: contemporary issues

Churchland, Paul. Matter and Consciousness

Chalmers, David, The Conscious Mind

Davidson, Donald. Essays on Actions and Events

Dennett, Daniel. Consciousness Explained

Descartes, René. Meditations on First Philosophy

Fodor, Jerry. Concepts: where cognitive science went wrong

Guttenplan, Samuel. Mind's landscape: an introduction to the philosophy of mind

Hume, David. Treatise of Human Nature

Maslin, Keith. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind

Nagel, Thomas. 'What it is Like to Be a Bat?'

Putnam, Hilary. Representation and reality

Putnam, Hilary. The nature of Mental States.

Rosenthal, David (ed.). The Nature of Mind

Ryle, Gilbert. The Concept of mind

Shoemaker S: 'Qualia and Consciousness'

Thagart, Paul. Mind: Introduction to cognitive science

Searle, J. Minds, brains and science

Средства за оценяване:

Mid-semester exams:

1. Analysis;

2. Annotation;

End-semester exam:

1. Presentation;

2. Discussion.