PHEB307 Философска антропология


The question what is the distinguishing feature of the human being is one of the most importan questions in philosophy. The philosophical discipline which puts this question in the center of its attention is called traditionally Philosophical Anthropology. The main objective of the course is to present the most significant and influential philosophical authors and theories in thinking about the human nature. Besides the theories about human nature the students are expected to enrich and to extend their philosophical knowledge about subjects like nature, culture, action, labor, language, consciousness, life etc.

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Философия (на английски език)


проф. Христо Тодоров  д-р
гл. ас. Сергей Стефанов  д-р

Описание на курса:


Successful graduates of the course students:

1) know:

• The most significant and influential philosophical authors and theories in thinking about human nature.

• Structure and content of the most important works in Philosophical Anthropology.

• The main problems of philosophical anthropology.

2) can:

• Use correctly the major categories of Philosophical Anthropology.

• Understand and evaluate independently arguments in context of Philosophical Anthropology.

Предварителни изисквания:

Форми на провеждане:

Учебни форми:

Език, на който се води курса:

Теми, които се разглеждат в курса:

  1. What is Philosophical Anthropology? Concepts of Cultural, Historical, Social, Religious, Biological Anthropology.
  2. What is nature? Early conceptions on human nature in Ancient Greek philosophy.
  3. Aristotle’s concept of nature. Physics and metaphysics. Teleology.
  4. Christianity. Christian conception of human nature.
  5. Traditional metaphysical definitions of human nature. Consciousness, reason, language, free will, labor as distinguishing feature of the human beings.
  6. The decline of the metaphysical picture of human nature in XVIII-XIX century. The modern science.
  7. Ludwig Feuerbach, Karl Marx and Friedrich Nietzsche on human nature. 8. Written assignment.
  8. Written assignment.
  9. The rise of psychoanalysis. Sigmund Freud.
  10. Max Scheler, Helmut Plessner and Arnold Gehlen on human place in cosmos.
  11. Ernst Cassierer: “An Essay on Man”.
  12. Martin Heidegger and the Philosophical Anthropology.
  13. Martin Heidegger: “Letter on Humanism”.
  14. Hannah Arendt – human nature and politics.
  15. Hannah Arendt: “Human Condition”.

Литература по темите:

Arendt, Hannah: “The Human Condition”, University of Chicago Press 1998.

Aristotle: “Metaphysics”, Publishing 2009.

Cassierer, Ernst: “An Essay on Man”, Yale University Press 1962.

Feuerbach, Ludwig: “The Essence of Christianity”, Delphi Classics 2017.

Freud, Sigmund: “Civilization and its Discontent”, Benediction Classics 2011.

Gehlen, Arnold: “Man: His Nature and Place in the World”, Columbia University Press 1988.

Heidegger, Martin: “Being and Time”, translated by J. Macquarrie and E. Robinson. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1962.

Heidegger, Martin: “Letter on Humanism”, translated by F. A Capuzzi and J. Glenn Gray, in D. F. Krell (ed.).

MacIntyre, Alasdair: Dependent Rational Animals: Why Human Beings Need the Virtues, Open Court 2001.

Plessner, Helmut: “Condition Humana”, Neske Pfullingen 1964.

Marx, Karl: „Selected Writings“, Hackett Publishing Company 1994.

Nietzsche Friedrich: “Thus Spake Zarathustra“, Cambridge University Press 2006.

Scheler, Max: „Human Place in Cosmos”, Northwestern University Studies 2009.

Todorov, Tsvetan: “Life in Common”, University of Nebraska Press 2001.