The course introduces the main concepts and traditions in the theory of knowledge. It focuses on the most important problems and debates in the history of epistemology as well as in contemporary philosophy and science. The aim of the course is to offer understanding of classic and contemporary philosophical views on the nature, development and limits of knowledge.
доц. Христо Гьошев д-р
Описание на курса:
After completing successfully this course the students will:
The main concepts and traditions in the history of epistemology as well as contemporary epistemological theories and their significance in the scientific understanding of the world.
2) are capable of:
Applying epistemological standards towards claims of knowledge, understanding the philosophical aspects of scientific theories, participating in debates, and using and evaluating theoretical arguments.
Форми на провеждане:
Език, на който се води курса:
Теми, които се разглеждат в курса:
- Origins of theoretical thinking in the Ancient World
- The Greeks and the quest for philosophical knowledge
- The epistemological projects of Plato and Aristotle
- The Self and the modern view of knowledge
- The Rationalist theories of knowledge
- The Empiricist theories of knowledge
- The challenge of skepticism
- Transcendental critique and the limits of reason
- Midterm exam
- The Positivist views on knowledge and philosophy
- The Pragmatist conception of knowledge
- Foundationalism and coherentism
- Realism and Antirealism
- Epistemological contextualism
- Kinds and range of knowledge
Литература по темите:
Aristotle (1928). Posterior Analytics. Oxford.
Hume, D. (1960). A treatise of human nature. Oxford: Clarendon press.
Descartes, R. (1984). Meditations on First Philosophy. In: The Philosophical Writings of
Descartes, vol. 2. Cambridge.
Rorty, R. (1979). Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature. Princeton.
James, W. (1995). Pragmatism. Dover.
Quine, W. (1951). Two dogmas of Empiricism. Philosophical Review 60 (1), pp.20–43.
Kant, I. (2004). Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics. Cambridge: Cambridge university press.
Lehrer, K. (1974). Knowledge. Oxford.
Locke, J. (1928). An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. New York
Ayer, A. (1956). The Problem of Knowledge. Harmondsworth.
Berkeley, G. (1929). A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge. New York.
Plato (1934). Theaetetus. Cambridge: Cambridge university press.
Russell, B. (1912). The Problems of Philosophy. London.