PHEB707 Kant's practical philosophy


The course introduces the students in Kant's practical philosophy, covering the main concepts, the problems, and the systematic meaning of Kant's investigation of moral, political, and law systems. Special attention is paid to the justification of the universality of morality and its meaning in the contemporary philosophical discourse.

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Assoc. Prof. Hristo Gyoshev, PhD

Course Description:


After completing successfully this course the students will:

1) know:

The main concepts of Kant's practical philosophy, their impact on late modern and contemporary philosophical thought, and their meaning in today's philosophical discourse on ethics, and moral philosophy.

2) are capable of:

Recognizing authentic Kantian arguments as well as their contemporary uses in the debates and in the vast literature influenced by Kant's practical philosophy; understanding the different practical contexts in which Kant's arguments find new modes of application.

Full-time Programmes

Types of Courses:

Language of teaching:


  1. The modern views on moral philosophy
  2. Kant's critical project and the justification of practical reason
  3. The methods of theoretical and practical critique
  4. Main concepts in Kant's practical philosophy
  5. The law of practical reason
  6. Freedom, moral motivation, and the good
  7. The primacy of practical reason
  8. Practical critique and metaphysics
  9. Kant's view on religion
  10. Ethics and anthropology
  11. Practical reason and politics
  12. Interpretations and continuation of Kant's project in the German Idealist tradition
  13. Kant's universal law and contemporary moral philosophy
  14. The legacy of Kant's practical philosophy
  15. Kant's practical philosophy and contemporary political thought


Kant, I. (1956). Critique of Practical Reason. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.

Kant, I. (1949).The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. London: Hutchinson.

Kant, I. (1965). The Metaphysical Elements of Justice. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.

Kant, I. (1960). Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone. New York: Harper & Row,

Kant, I. (1957). Perpetual Peace. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.

Allison, Henry E. Kant's Theory of Freedom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Beck, Lewis White. A Commentary on Kant's Critique of Practical Reason.

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, i960

Gregor, Mary. Laws of Freedom: A Study of Kant's Method of Applying the

Categorical Imperative in the Metaphysik der Sitten. Oxford: Basil

Blackwell, 1963.

Mulholland, Leslie A. Kant's System of Rights. New York: Columbia University Press. 1990.

O'Neill, Onora. Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant's Practical

Philosophy Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Riley, Patrick. Kant's Political Philosophy. Totowa, N.J.: Rowman and Littlefield, 1983.