PSYE307 Introduction to Psychotherapy, Part 1


The course offers an introduction to the theory of psychotherapy based on comparing the therapeutic factors relevant to the different schools of psychotherapy (psychodynamic, group therapy and cognitive-behavioral in this part of the course). It provides the opportunity for the students to gain enough theoretical knowledge to be able to differentiate between the specific therapeutic approaches to the patient and the problems presented. The presentation of each of the schools will include a description of the theoretical model, the basic principles of the therapeutic model and the therapeutic technique as well as a comparison between the schools regarding their therapeutic factors and the use of the therapeutic relationship. This material is continued in the second part of the course with signature Psy E 422.

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Psychology (in English)


Assoc. Prof. Nikola Atanassov, Ph.D.

Course Description:


Students who complete this course:

1) will know:

• the theories explaining the therapeutic action of psychological interventions and their basic concepts

• the main contemporary therapeutic schools (psychodynamic and CBT in this part of the course), the similarities and differences between them

2) will be able to:

to differentiate between the approaches to the client offered by the different schools

Basic theoretical courses in psychology and psychopatrhology.

Full-time Programmes

Types of Courses:

Language of teaching:


  1. What is psychotherapy? A short historical review. Classification of psychotherapeutic schools. lecture, video presentation
  2. The psychoanalytic model: psychic conflict, defense, resistance and insight.
  3. Тhe therapeutic relationship in psychoanalysis.
  4. Indications for psychoanalysis. Psychoanalytic psychotherapy. Short-term psychodynamic therapy
  5. Mentalization Based Therapy and Transferance Focused Therapy
  6. Other schools of dynamic therapy: individual psychology (Alfred Adler) and analytic psychology (Carl Gustav Jung). Their relevance for contemporary paychotherapy
  7. Interpersonal psychoanalysis. Group analysis and group psychotherapy.
  8. The therapeutic factors of group psychotherapy.
  9. Behavioral models. Learning mechanisms
  10. Behavior analysis and behavior therapy
  11. Rational Emotive Therapy (Ellis).
  12. Cognitive behavior therapy (Beck)
  13. Dialectical Behavior Therapy and Schema Therapy
  14. Therapies based on the humanistic approach.
  15. The person-centured approach of Carl Rogers (PCA)


Bateman A., Brown Dennis and Pedder, Jonathan (2010). Introduction to Psychotherapy. London: Routledge.

Beck A.T. (1997). Cognitive Therapy: Reflections. In: Zeig J.K. (ed.). The Evolution of Psychotherapy. The Third Conference. New York: Brunner/Mazel.

Beck A.T. et al. (1979). Cognitive Therapy of Depression. New York: Guilford.

Bugental J.F.T. (1997). There is a fundamental division in how psychotherapy is conceived. In: Zeig J. (ed.). The Evolution of Psychotherapy. The Third Conference. New York: Brunner/Mazel.

Ellis A. (1997). The Evolution of Albert Ellis and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy. In : Zeig J. (ed.). The Evolution of Psychotherapy. The Third Conference. New York: Brunner/Mazel.

Fordham F. (1953). An Introduction to Jung`s Psychology. Penguin Books.

Foulkes S.H. and E.J.Anthony (1965). Group Psychotherapy. The Psychoanalytic Approach. Penguin Books.

Haaga D.A. and G.C.Davison (1986). Cognitive Change Methods. In: Kanfer F.H. and A.P.Goldstein

Hersen, M. (ed.) (2002). Encyclopedia of Psychotherapy. Elsevier Science (USA)

Kanfer F.H. and A.P.Goldstein (1986). Helping People Change. A Textbook of Methods. New York: Pergamon Press.

Kernberg O.F. (1997). Convergences and Divergences in Contemporary Psychoanalytic Technique and Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy. In: Zeig J. (ed.). The Evolution of Psychotherapy. The Third Conference. New York: Brunner/Mazel.

Marmor J. (1997). The Evolution of an Analytic Psychotherapist. In: (ibid)

Rogers C.R. (1951). Client-centured Therapy. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin.

Sommers-Flanagan, J. & Sommers-Flanagan, R. (2004). Counselling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Thomae H. and H. Kaechele (1985). Psychoanalytic Practice. Vol. 1. Berlin: Springer.

Yalom I. (1985). The Theory and Praxis of Group Psychotherapy. New York: Basic Books.

Zeig J. and W. Michael Munion (eds.). What is Psychotherapy? Contemporary Perspectives. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.


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