HSEM103 Власт и общество: османският модел
• The course aims at presenting the most important characteristics and the specificities of the Ottoman pattern of interrelations between society and power with a special focus on its manifestations in the Balkan provinces of the Empire. It will therefore give a wide overview of the social structure and of social life in Ottoman Rumelia (South-Eastern Europe) and examine the concrete functioning of the main Ottoman institutions in the region from the late 14th to the early 20th century.
• The course will follow the evolution of the Ottoman ruling model and institutions through the centuries in close connection also with the changes in the Ottoman-European relations in the economic, political, diplomatic and cultural fields.
• The problems of continuity and discontinuity in power – society relations and of the Ottoman legacy in South-Eastern Europe in this field in its contemporary dimensions will be also discussed.
доц. Светла Янева д-р
Описание на курса:
• The students are acquainted with the most relevant literature and research in the field, with the different approaches to the concrete topics discussed in the course and with the current historiographical debates on the character and on the functioning of the Ottoman institutions and society in the 15th – 19th centuries, with a special focus on the Balkans.
• The students improve their abilities of analysis and interpretation of primary and secondary sources as well as their individual written and oral performances. The course contributes also to the further building of their skills of team work and of discussion.
• English language proficiency
• Background in Humanities or related field
Форми на провеждане:
Език, на който се води курса:
Теми, които се разглеждат в курса:
1. The origins of the Ottomans and of the Ottoman state
2. The Ottoman conquest of South-Eastern Europe. Adopting, adapting, creating new institutions and power – society relations
3. Legitimating power: the Ottoman institutions of the “classical period”
4. The land system in South-Eastern Europe, 15th – 18th century
5. Urban economic activities and their regulation under the Ottomans
6. The social structure of Ottoman Rumelia
7. Crises and “reforms” in the Ottoman Empire during the “classical period”
8. Poverty and wealth in Ottoman Rumelia (testimonies and perceptions)- seminar
9. The Ottomans and Europe: war, trade and peace
10. Centralism and decentralization: the Ottoman case
11. Models and actors of modernization in the Ottoman world, 18th – 19th century
12. The Eastern Question: background, issues, development and actors
13. The Tanzimat reforms: the Ottoman institutions and power – society relations in change
14. “Ottomanism”, “Pan-Islamism” and nation-building in South-Eastern Europe
15. The Ottoman legacy in power – society relations in South-Eastern Europe - discussion
Литература по темите:
Adanir, F. Tradition and rural change in Southeastern Europe during Ottoman rule. – In: Chirot, D. (ed.) The origins of backwardness in Eastern Europe: economics and politics from the Middle Ages until the early 20th century. Berkeley-Los Angeles-London, 1989.
Anastasopoulos, A. (ed.) Provincial Elites in the Ottoman Empire. Rethymno, 2005.
Boyar, E. and K. Fleet A social history of Ottoman Istanbul. Cambridge, CUP, 2010.
Braudel, F. The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996.
Brummet, P. Envisioning Ottoman wealth: narrating and mapping Ottoman “treasure” in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. – Oriens, 37, 2009, 107-122.
Darling, L. Revenue-raising and Legitimacy. Tax Collection and Finance Administration in the Ottoman Empire 1560–1660. Leiden-New York-Koln, 1996.
Davidova, E. Balkan transition to modernity and nation-states. Trough the eyes of three generation of merchants (1780s–1890s) (Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2013)
Eldem, E. and S.Petmezas (eds.) The economic development of Southeastern Europe in the 19th century. Athens, Apha Bank Historical Archives, 2011.
Ergin, N., Ch. Newmann, A. Singer (eds.) Feeding people, feeding power. Imarets in the Ottoman Empire. Istanbul, 2007.
Faroqhi, S. (ed.), The Cambridge History of Turkey. Volume 3: The Later Ottoman Empire, 1603–1839. Cambridge, 2006.
Faroqhi, S. The Ottoman Empire and the world around it, 1540s to 1774. London, 2004.
Findley, C. V. Bureaucratic Reform in the Ottoman Empire: the Sublime Porte, 1789–1922. Princeton, 1980.
Fleet, K. (ed.) The Cambridge History of Turkey. Volume 1: Byzantium to Turkey, 1071 – 1453. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Frangakis-Syrett, E. Mаrket networks and Ottoman-European commerce, c. 1700-1825. – Oriente Moderno, anno XXV (LXXXVI), 2006, 109-128.
Geber, H. “The Waqf institution in early Ottoman Empire”, in Studies in Islamic society. Contributions in memory of Gabriel Baer. Gabriel Warburg and Gad Gilbar (eds.) (Haifa: Haifa University Press, 1984), 29-45.
Goffman, D. Ottoman Millets in the Early Seventeenth Century. – New Perspectives on Turkey, 1994, II, 133-158.
Hayashi Kayoko and Mahir Ayd?n (eds.) The Ottoman State and Societies in Change: A Study of the Nineteenth Century Temettuat Registers. Kegan Paul: London, New York, Bahrein. 2004
Ianeva, Svetla. The non-Muslim tax-farmers in the fiscal and economic system of the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century. – In: Jorgen S. Nielsen (ed.) Religion, ethnicity and contested nationhood in the former Ottoman space. Leiden–Boston, BRILL, 2012, 47–62.
Ianeva, Svetla. Financing the state? Tax-farming as a source of individual wealth in the nineteenth century. – Oriens, 37 (2009), 209–224.
Ihsanoglu, Ekmeleddin, “Ottoman educational institutions”, in Ottoman civilization, V. I., Halil Inalc?k, Gunsel Renda (eds.) (Ankara: Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture, 2004), pp. 345-85.
Inalc?k, H. Military and fiscal transformations in the Ottoman Empire (1600–1700). – Archivum Ottomanicum 6 (1980).
Inalc?k, H., D. Quataert. (eds) An economic and social history of the Ottoman Empire 1300–1914. Cambridge, 1994.
Inalc?k, H. Studies in ottoman social and economic history. London, 1985.
Islamoglu-Inan, H.(ed) The Ottoman empire and the world-economy. Cambridge, 1987.
Kafadar, C. Between two worlds. The construction of the Ottoman state. University of California Press, 1995.
Kasaba, R. The Ottoman Empire and the world-economy. The nineteenth century. New York, 1988.
Kasaba, R. (ed.) The Cambridge History of Turkey. Volume 4: Turkey in the Modern World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Kunt, I. M. The Sultan’s Servants: The Transformation of Ottoman Provincial Government, 1550–1650. New York, 1983.
Mardin, S. “Power, civil society and culture in the Ottoman Empire” – Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 11, No. 3 (Jun., 1969), pp. 258-281.
McGowan, B. Economic life in the Ottoman Empire. Taxation, trade and struggle for land 1600-1800. Cambridge, 1984.
Moutafchieva, V. Agrarian relations in the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and 16th centuries. East European Monographs, Boulder, distributed by Columbia University Press, New York, 1988.
Moutafchieva, V. L’anarchie dans les Balkans a la fin du XVIIIe siecle. Isis, Istanbul, 2005.
Pamuk, S. The Ottoman Empire and European capitalism 1820-1913. Trade, investment and production. Cambridge, 1987.
Quataert, D. Ottoman manufacturing in the age of the industrial revolution. Cambridge, 1993.
Rizk Khoury, D., State and provincial society in the Ottoman Empire, 1540-1834 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997)
Shaw, Stanford J., History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey. Volume I Empire of the Gazis (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978).
Todorova, M. The Ottoman legacy in the Balkans – In: Brown, l. Carl (ed) Imperial legacy: the Ottoman imprint in the Balkans and the Middle East, New York, Columbia University Press, 1995.
Van den Boogert, M., K. Fleet (eds) The Ottoman capitulations: Text and context. – Oriente Moderno, 3, 2003.
Yediy?ld?z, B. Institution du vaqf au XVIIIe siecle en Turquie. Ankara, 1985.
Средства за оценяване:
Essay, test, seminar, discussion. The final grade is based on participation in the seminar and in the discussion, on the presentation of an essay, and on the results of the test.